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群馬大学 生体調節研究所

アクセス

Metabolic Signal

北村近影HP用

Professor:Tadahiro Kitamura
kitamura*gunma-u.ac.jp
(*=@)
Lab website
http://taisha.imcr.gunma-u.ac.jp/index.html

Member

Professor: Tadahiro Kitamura
Associate Professor: Tsutomu Sasaki
Assistant Professor: Masaki Kobayashi
Unit Assistant Professor: Daisuke Kohno
Research Associate: Hiromi Hashimoto
Post Doc Fellow: Osamu Kikuchi
Post Doc Fellow: Shou Matsui
Research Technician: Satoko Hashimoto
Research Technician: Hiroko Suzuki
Graduate Student: Takayoshi Suga
Graduate Student: Eri Wada
Medical Student (MD-phD course): Shouko Fujikawa
Medical Student (MD-phD course): Yuri Numata

Research

It is considered that type 2 diabetes (T2DM) is caused by insulin resistance (loss of insulin function) and pancreatic beta cell failure (loss of insulin secretion). However, recent genetic studies using molecular biology and gene manipulating technology revealed that pancreatic alpha cell (secreting glucagon) failure and the dysfunction of central energy metabolism also account for the etiology of T2DM. Therefore, we are conducting research by using animal models of diabetes with focusing on the pancreatic islets and the hypothalamus. We are attempting to clarify the molecular mechanism of T2DM and apply it to the development of new strategy to treat or prevent diabetes

代謝シグナル(英)

 

On-going projects

  1. Clarifying the molecular mechanism of pancreatic beta cell dysfunction in type 2 diabetes
  2. Elucidating how “metabolic signals” regulate energy homeostasis in the hypothalamus at the molecular level
  3. Investigating the molecular mechanism by which plasma glucagon levels elevate in type 2 diabetes
  4. Developing a new glucagon sandwich ELISA system and re-evaluating plasma glucagon levels
  5. Investigating molecular mechanism for the extra beneficial effects of anti-diabetes drugs toward controlling body weight and glucagon secretion

 

Keywords

Diabetes, Obesity, Insulin, Glucagon, Genetically engineered animal model, Pancreatic  cell, Pancreatic β cell, Hypothalamus, Metabolism, Life span

Select References

  1. Sasaki T. et al.(2015) Am J Physiol 309: R561-75.
  2. Sasaki T. et al. (2014)  Diabetologia  57: 819-31.
  3. Susanti V-Y. et al. (2014)  Obesity  10: 2115-9.
  4. Kitamura T. (2013)  Nat Rev Endo 9: 615-23.
  5. Lee Y-S. et al. (2013)  Diabetologia  56: 1383-93.
  6. Talchai C. et al. (2012)  Nat Genet 44: 406-12.

 

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